This grant enabled the Antarctic South Ocean Coalition (ASOC) to continue and expand its work on a set of Antarctic protection initiatives for the 21st century. As part of this initiative ASOC worked to negotiate a legally binding Polar Code to improve Southern Ocean vessel safety and pollution prevention requirements. Specifically, this code would deal with the growing amount of sea vessel traffic in the Southern Ocean by developing the highest standards for vessel safety in order to ensure the protection of sensitive environment and wildlife. ASOC also spearheaded an initiative to protect the Ross Sea - a waterway that contains internationally important populations of Antarctic wildlife and possesses a unique evolutionary history which can serve as an important climate change reference area - by designating it as a Marine Protected Area (MPA). Lastly, ASOC utilized Tinker Foundation support in its ongoing efforts to enforce the 1998 Environmental Protocol which is critical in the pollution monitoring and creation of Antarctic Specially Protected and Managed areas.